Chronology of Events:
The First 30 Years of Indo - Pak Relations
Constant Peace Efforts by India
18 Jul 1949 :
Joint military conference between India and Pakistan
commenced in Karachi to decide on a cease-fire line in the State
of Jammu & Kashmir.
26 Jul 1949 :
Agreement reached on a ceasefire line in Kashmir in
the joint military talks held in Karachi.
06 Jan 1950 :
Prime Minister Nehru disclosed that he had proposed
to Pakistan that they could ban war as a method of solving their
15 Sep 1950 :
Justice Sir Owen Dixon submitted his report to
Security Council which said that Pakistan violated international
law by crossing the boundary.
05 Jul 1951 :
Violation of Kashmir cease-fire line : India
complained of violations by Pakistan to the Security Council.
06 Mar 1965:
India protested to the Security Council against
Pakistan's progressive annexation of areas of Kashmir under its
05 Apr 1965 :
Pakistan gave away over 2000 sq. miles of Indian
territory in Kashmir to China under the Sino-Pak boundary
17 Apr 1965 :
Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri repeated his
'no-war pact' offer to Pakistan.
23 Apr 1965 :
Pakistan launched an assault along a 60 mile front
from Ding to Chhad in the Rann of Kutch.
05 Aug 1965:
Pak infiltrators crossed into Indian territory all
along the 470 mile cease fire line in Kashmir.
21 Aug 1965 :
Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri blamed Pakistan
for sending 3,000 to 4,000 infiltrators into Kashmir and warned
of an attack if aggression did not stop.
01 Sep 1965 :
Pakistanis launched a large-scale attack on Chhamb
and Jaurian across the international border of Jammu and
05 Sep 1965 :
Fighting broke out between India and Pakistan on the
President Ayub Khan sent telegram to UNSG saying that people of
Kashmir have taken to arms against Indian tyranny.
10 Jan 1966 :
A 10 point Agreement (Tashkent Declaration) signed
on January 10, 1966 by which India and Pakistan re-affirmed
their obligations under the UN Charter not to have recourse to
force and to settle their disputes through peaceful means
without prejudice to their basic positions on the Kashmir issue.
06 Jan 1968 :
Government of India expelled M.M. Ahmed, the
counsellor in the Pakistan High Commission, for distributing
money and arms to subversive elements in India.
15 Aug 1968:
Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi appealed to the
Pakistan President to reconsider a 'No-war Pact' with India.
01 Sep 1968 :
Pakistan President Mohammed Ayub Khan rejected
India's offer of a 'No-war Pact'.
24 Jan 1971 :
India declared Zafar Iqbal Rathod, First Secretary
in the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi, persona non grata.
He was asked to leave the country within 48 hours for his
involvement in the plot to organise violence and sabotage in
03 Dec 1971:
Pakistan launched a premediatated air strike at 5.45
pm on a number of Indian airfields. Pakistan army shelled Indian
positions in the western sector.
16 Dec 1971 :
Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi announced in
Parliament that West Pakistan forces in Bangladesh had
surrendered unconditionally in Dacca at 4.31 pm. Lt. General
Niazi signed the instrument of surrender on behalf of the
Pakistan Eastern Command. Lt General JS Aurora, GOC-in-C of the
Indian and Bangladesh Forces in the eastern front accepted the
17 Dec 1971 :
India ordered a unilateral ceasefire on the western
10 Dec 1971:
Representatives of Army Chiefs of India and Pakistan
reached an agreement on the procedure for the delineation of the
line of control in Jammu and Kashmir as it resulted from the
ceasefire of December 17, 1971. Meeting held at Suchetgarh
11 Dec 1971 :
Agreement on the Delineation of Line of Control in J
& K reached in accordance with the Simla Agreement. Maps
initialled by Lt Gen PS Bhagat and Lt Get Abdul Hamid Khan at
06 - 08 Feb 1978 :
Indian Foreign Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee paid a
goodwill visit to Pakistan.
02 Oct 1981 :
In a speech at the UN General Assembly, Pak FM Agha
Shahi referred to Kashmir and said "the only outstanding dispute
pertains to J&K which should be resolved in the spirit of Simla
Agreement and in the light of relevant UN agreements".